Religious Studies GCSE proves its relevance as entries hold firm

The number of pupils taking GCSE Religious Studies in England and Wales has remained stable in 2020 despite ongoing challenges, reflecting the relevance of the subject and its popularity among young people.

In England, RS GCSE entries for the full course fell by less than 1% to 225,719 compared to 227,913 in 2019. In Wales, entries fell by a similar amount from 10,129 in 2019 to 10,037 in 2020. Overall entries in England, including both full and short courses, fell by 2.3% to 243,786, compared with 249,443 in 2019. Full course entries in 2020 were still almost one third higher than in 2010. In Wales, combined entries fell by just under 2% from 16,327 in 2019 to 16,003 in 2020.

Until this year, there has been a gradual decline in full course RS GCSE entries since a peak in 2016, when 269,839 entries were recorded in England. Full and short course entries reached a high of 461,795 in 2011 but declined rapidly as schools in England opted not to enter pupils into the short course following Government policy changes, despite a requirement among all schools, including Academies, to provide Religious Education to all pupils at all key stages. In Wales however, the short course entries have not declined at the same rate and fell by just 3.74% (from 6,198 to 5,966). In England, short course entries fell by more than 16%.

Today’s figures, however, provide some optimism that the decline may be levelling off. The key outcomes for Religious Education in England and Wales at Key Stage 4 in 2020 are as follows:

  • There were 225,719 entries in England and 10,037 in Wales for the full course in GCSE RS, a fall of less than 1% from 2019 (227,913 England and 10,129 Wales).
  • There were 18,067 entries in England and 5,966 in Wales for the short course in GCSE RS, a decline of 16.1% in England and 3.74% in Wales from 2019 (21,530 and 6198 respectively).
  • There were 243,786 entries for GCSE RS (combined short and full courses) in England, a decline of 2.3% from 2019 (249,443). In Wales combined entry figures were 16,003 a fall of 1.98% from 2019 (16,327).
  • Despite a decline since the peak in entries, the number of pupils receiving a full course GCSE in Religious Studies in England in 2020 (225,719) is still 32% greater than in 2010 (170,767). In Wales entries for the full course are 65% higher in 2020 (10,037) than in 2010 (6,100).

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

History

199852

200992

198316

202630

238928

236304

227619

242834

239027

244401

261537

273778

Geography

176034

175347

163604

169968

204497

207857

211721

228463

231297

242268

251121

255344

Religious Studies Full

164647

170767

199752

216373

239409

258067

271917

271973

256729

229189

227913

225719

Religious Studies Short

261399

254698

233998

211269

150621

99661

68890

53093

36962

26229

21530

18067

Religious Studies Combined

426046

425465

433750

427642

390030

357728

340807

325066

293691

255418

249443

243786

Sources:

http://www.jcq.org.uk/examination-results/gcses

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/results-tables-for-gcse-as-and-a-level-results-in-england-2020

Professor Trevor Cooling, Chair, Religious Education Council of England and Wales (REC), said:

“Over the past decade we have seen short course entries plummet as a result of school performance measures and academisation. Some pupils opted to take the full course instead, which led to a significant rise until 2016. Full course entries have tailed off since then, but we are cautiously optimistic that they may now be levelling out.

“These figures are evidence of the continuing relevance of Religious Studies, with recent events bringing racial awareness to the forefront and bringing worldviews into greater perspective. Its continuing popularity among pupils is also clear.

“RS has an important role to play in preparing pupils for life in multicultural Britain and a globalized workplace. Government policy needs to reflect this and ensure that religion and worldviews is firmly embedded in the school system, by adopting the recommendations of the Commission on RE, which have widespread support from across the education system.”

Ben Wood, Chair, National Association of Teachers of RE (NATRE), said:

“Congratulations to those pupils receiving their GCSE RS results today, and to their teachers. They have all faced unprecedented challenges this year, but I have no doubt that their efforts will pay off, as they see the value of a deeper understanding of religion and worldviews in later life.

“With entry numbers falls appearing to level off, we are witnessing how much pupils value and enjoy studying Religious Education. The Government clearly agrees and has repeatedly emphasised the importance of young people developing their knowledge and understanding of religious and non-religious beliefs.

“It’s now time to underline that commitment by addressing the issues that may threaten the future of the subject and deny pupils access to the subject they clearly consider vital for life in modern Britain and an increasingly global social and professional environment.”

Commenting on the Government’s decision to use centre assessed grades as opposed to applying Ofqual’s algorithm, Ben Wood added:

“The decision to revert to centre assessed grades is good news for pupils receiving their GCSE grades today. However, this U-turn has caused an enormous amount of distress and disruption to students, in particular those A-level students who may have missed out on their first-choice university. These students deserve every support possible at this challenging time.”

Student case studies

Students receiving their certificate in GCSE in Religious Studies this year were asked about their experiences of studying the subject, and how it has helped their own personal development.

Grace How, from Ashville College in Harrogate, recalled the access to “lots of different perspectives” as one of the highlights of her ethics class, adding that this allowed her to “develop my communication skills and aided me in understanding others’ views”.

Grace recommends studying Religious Education to her peers as “it gives you a new outlook on everything around you and helps you understand why you think certain things”.

Olivia Doody, from Haslingden High School, Lancashire, said that she “enjoyed every aspect” of studying Religious Studies at GCSE. It has helped her to be more open-minded within her approach to religion, “I was surprised to learn about the deep-rooted prejudices and ignorance I had towards religion, so learning about other beliefs really helped me to understand more about the world around me.”

When asked about how studying Religious Studies has helped her personally, Olivia added, “It has pushed me to be more curious about the world around me”. “Because of RS, I research topics in my own time, such as Dawkins and Plato’s Republic, and, because of the encouragement I have received at school, I enjoy listening to podcasts, debates, and watching documentaries.”

Both students will go on to study Religious Studies at A-level, among other humanities and sciences including History, Politics, Physics, and Maths.

-ends-

For media enquiries, contact:

Colin Hallmark, 3:nine Communications:

Tel: 0207 736 1888

Mubina Khan-Daniels, NATRE

Tel: 0121 415 3970 / 0121 4583313 / 07985 466653

Notes for editors:

National Association of Teachers of RE

NATRE is the subject teacher association for RE professionals in primary and secondary schools and higher education, providing a representative voice at national level and publications and courses to promote professional development. NATRE’s Executive consists of a majority of serving teachers from primary and secondary schools who are elected for a three-year term of service.

Religious Education Council of England and Wales

Established in 1973, the Religious Education Council of England and Wales (REC) brings together over 60 national organisations. These comprise academic and professional associations specialising in religions and religious education, as well as individual religion and belief organisations inclusive of the range of faith communities found nationally, including Humanists UK.

JCQ data

In 2017 JCQ changed the way they published figures relating to England. Up until 2016 JCQ’s figures for England included the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. Due to a change in the way that JCQ presents the data, figures for 2008 to 2016 include entries from candidates in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man; figures for 2017 onwards do not. This change has a relatively small impact on the time series data: there were 1,142 entries for full course GCSE Religious Studies from exam centres in the Channel Islands and Isle of Man in 2016; this represents 0.4% of the entries published by JCQ for England that year. 2016 is the only year in which it is possible to analyse both the datasets including the Channel Islands and Isle of Man and those excluding these regions. Comparisons between 2016 and 2017 in this press release are based on figures for both years that exclude the Channel Islands and Isle of Man. Figures in this press release for the years 2008 to 2016 are all given as JCQ published them that year (i.e. inclusive of figures from the Channel Islands and Isle of Man).